“Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.” (If the two premises in a deductive syllogism are true, the conclusion is 100% certain.)
“Socrates has a runny nose this morning. It’s allergy season. Socrates probably has an allergy.” (Induction deals with probabilities, and so is distinguished from deduction, which deals with 100% certainties.)
“Theories that might account for Socrates’s nose running are the following: allergy; a cold virus; psychosomatic illness; the devil; a side effect of medication; an invisible gremlin tickling Socrates’s nose with a tiny invisible feather. For a variety of reasons, I choose allergy as the best explanation.” (Abduction is reasoning to the best explanation. In trying to get at the truth of a matter, you don’t want just any old probable hypothesis that accounts for the facts surrounding it, you want to lay out your options and reason your way to what appears to be the best hypothesis.)
That was painless, don’t you think?