The following is from a recent debate in Australia between physicist Lawrence Krauss and a couple of Muslims.
What I find hopeful is the very existence of such a debate (between young Muslims and an atheist scientist). It suggests to me that, at least where Muslims live in Western countries, they are acclimating to the secular Enlightenment in a way similar to the experience of Protestants and Catholics over the past three centuries (lots of rationalization, lots of accommodation).
Religions, including the Muslim religion, are doing their best to keep up with global trends. These trends are toward greater human solidarity, democracy, secularism, and the embrace of science and technology. All of these are the children of the Anglo-French Enlightenment and are nicely encapsulated in the below video.
So be happy and hopeful. In the contest for human history’s direction, the Enlightenment continues its now centuries long winning streak. Given the alternatives on offer (the divine right of kings, authoritarian nationalism, theocracy, etc.), things could be so much worse. But like the computer in “War Games,” by a historical process of trial and error people are learning and progressing. Fanatic cultural insularity, religious war, and terrorism are just three of the things that have been playing themselves out in recent history and exhausting themselves.